Planned or unplanned, from the moment a woman has a positive pregnancy test in her hands, she carries an enormous responsibility. Most expectant mothers immediately establish a connection with their unborn child and the protection of this life becomes their main task. It is generally known that during pregnancy the consumption of any alcohol, cigarettes and drugs must be avoided. Many women even refrain from caffeinated drinks during pregnancy because the effects on the foetus have not been exactly proven. For most women, it is not difficult to comply with these obvious recommendations for abstinence. However, concerns and fears arise when it comes to taking medication and food supplements. Pregnant women are very easily unsettled, as most package inserts do not give a clear recommendation. Rarely have medicines been researched or tested on pregnant women and it is difficult to confirm that they are safe to take. For some time now, CBD preparations have been available that promise to relieve some of the ailments of pregnancy. The question for all expectant mothers is: How safe is the use of CBD during pregnancy for me and above all for my child?

What is CBD ?

Put simply, one might say that CBD is the counterpart of the commonly known THC. This comparison is a bit misleading, but it is based on the fact that the cannabinoid CBD has no or very little psychoactive effect in contrast to THC. Both cannabinoids are derived from the female cannabis plant, also known as the marijuana plant. By taking substances containing CBD, such as CBD oils, the body does not get a feeling of being “high” or “stoned”. Even though CBD has an effect on the nervous system, e.g. by helping to relax and relieve pain, the effects on the mental state are so small that the sale and purchase of CBD oils, capsules and the like is completely legal. The reason why cannabinoids can work in our bodies at all is that our bodies already have an endocannbinoid system. The ingestion of cannabinoids and their effects are, so to speak, already natural.

The areas of application of CBD and what they can mean for pregnant women

CBD has anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving and cell-protecting effects. Taking it contributes to a healthy sleep and counteracts the initial morning sickness. Nerve damage and myopathies should also be treatable with CBD. In addition, various researches already show positive results in the fight against cancer. Seen in this light, CBD can be considered a real miracle cure, as there are almost no side effects. The only problem is that research has so far taken place almost exclusively in the laboratory. There are no long-term studies on humans yet. Although CBD is a legal substance, it is hardly possible to grow a marijuana plant without producing THC. Therefore, research in this area has to overcome several hurdles before it is even approved. Research on CBD is still in its infancy, but many positive effects are already known. THC during pregnancy would have a negative effect on the development of the brain and nervous system of the unborn child, according to some studies. Which seems logical considering the psychoactive effects of THC. On the other hand, no psychoactive substances have been detected in the body when CBD is taken, which suggests that the foetus in the expectant mother’s abdomen is not negatively affected by taking it.

Is taking CBD during pregnancy really safe ?

This question cannot be answered clearly due to a lack of research. There are neither studies with positive nor negative results that could provide information about the safety of CBD intake during pregnancy. However, there are numerous reports from women who have taken CBD during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. The children of these women seem to be doing well and the women themselves report an untroubled pregnancy without excessive nausea, ravenous appetite attacks or hormone-related mood swings. Ultimately, the decision whether to take CBD during pregnancy or not is at the discretion of the pregnant woman. Of course, no woman wants to endanger her unborn child or impair its development. Therefore, most women would probably tend to avoid taking CBD. However, it is reasonable to suspect that there is a stigma attached to the CBD due to its existence as a cannabinoid. However, this stigma should be disregarded in the decision, because it does not do justice to the CBD in any way. The THC contained in marijuana is illegal in most countries of the world and is therefore classified by many as dangerous. However, the effect of CBD differs significantly from that of THC and must therefore be differentiated.

Prospects and research

As already described, there are already isolated laboratory values that confirm the positive properties of CBD. The research in the field of cannabinoids is being pushed forward and probably we will hear more about CBD and its versatile applications in the future. However, pregnant women may have to wait for a long time for clearly proven results. The problem that arises here is obvious; no expectant mother volunteers herself and her child for drug research. The risk associated with the uncertainty whether taking various substances can have negative side effects is simply too great. However, CBD is a naturally occurring substance that has been used by indigenous peoples for centuries. To date, not a single case has been reported where the ingestion of CBD has had a harmful or even fatal effect. Although the harmlessness cannot be clearly stated, there is a general tendency to do so.